To effectively control the prevalence of leprosy, the dangers of leprosy elimination, the Ministry of Health and other 11 departments have jointly formulated and promulgated the "harm the national leprosy elimination plan (2011-2020)." The following is the full plan:
Harm the national leprosy elimination plan (2011-2020)
Leprosy is a serious hazard to human health, chronic diseases, is currently in parts of the country is still a prominent public health and social problemspaper napkins . To effectively control the prevalence of leprosy, the dangers of leprosy elimination, to effectively protect people's health, promote the harmonious development of economy and society, according to China's current situation and prevention of leprosy prevalence is formulated plan.
First, the control status
After the founding of new China, the CPC Central Committee, under the leadership of the State Council, through party committees, governments and the tireless efforts of the majority of professionals, prevention and treatment of leprosy in China has made remarkable achievements. 60 years, a total cure leprosy free search about 500,000 cases of leprosy in the detection rate of 5.56/10 Wan from 1958 down to 2010 0.10/10 million. paper tissue "Eleventh Five-Year" period, China will focus on treatment of leprosy as a disease, and further strengthen the implementation of prevention strategies and measures, and rules of the national total of 8,000 cases of leprosy treatment, the prevalence of leprosy basically under control .
However, the current leprosy control work in China still faces many challenges. Since the late 1990s, the nation's epidemics of leprosy as a whole has not decreased, fluctuations in the epidemic in some areas, and even the rise. The existing national 278 counties (cities) prevalence rate greater than 1 / 10 million, of which 46 counties (cities) prevalence rate of greater than 1 / million, mainly in Sichuan, Yunnan, Guizhou, Hunan, Tibet, and five provinces ( area). Past five years, the national average and are now emerging cases of disease were more than 1700 patients and 6700 patients, no significant changes in the epidemic; new-onset patients, the average delay in diagnosis in three years, two abnormal residue accounted for more than 20% ; refractory, and recurrent cases of suspected drug-resistant cases reported increased; emerging new outbreaks in some areas, the floating population of leprosy cases has increased every year, prevention is becoming increasingly difficult. In addition, our existing 220,000 survivors cured of leprosy, of which more than 10 million people there are different types of visible deformities; old man of about 20,000 remain in the residual cure leprosy hospital (village) within. In some areas, the social stigma of leprosy and prejudices still exist.
Spread and prevalence of leprosy is an important indicator of poor and backward country. The next 10 years building a moderately prosperous society in our country critical period, the total elimination of leprosy harm is to promote economic and social development, protect and improve the livelihood of the urgent need to implement the scientific outlook on development, promote the building of a socialist harmonious society, a necessary requirement.
Second, the guiding principles
Implement the "prevention first, combining prevention with control" of the basic principles, adhere to government-led sectoral collaboration, the whole mechanism of social participation; focus, guidance, and strive to eliminate leprosy as soon as possible hazards.
Third, the classification of leprosy-endemic areas
In recent years, leprosy patients according to disease rate and detection rate of each of the provinces are divided into three areas:
A class of regions: Jiangxi, Hunan, Guangxi, Hainan, Sichuan, Chongqing, Guizhou, Yunnan, Tibet;
Types of area: Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Anhui, Fujian, Shandong, Hubei, Guangdong, Shaanxi, Gansu, Xinjiang;
Three regions: Beijing, Tianjin, Hebei, Shanxi, Inner Mongolia, Liaoning, Jilin, Heilongjiang, Shanghai, Henan, Qinghai, Ningxia,.